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Matrices > Non-bilaterian metazoans

In press

Han, J., Morris, S. C., Ou, Q., Shu, D. and Huang, H., in press. Meiofaunal deuterostomes from the basal Cambrian of Shaanxi (China). Nature, , .

Sallan, L., Giles, S., Sansom, R. S., Clarke, J. T., Johanson, Z., Sansom, I. J. and Janvier, P., in press. The 'Tully Monster' is not a vertebrate: characters, convergence and taphonomy in Palaeozoic problematic animals. Palaeontology, , .


Laumer, C. E., Fernandez, R., Lemer, S., Combosch, D., Kocot, K. M., Riesgo, A., Andrade, S. C. S., Sterrer, W., Sorenson, M. V. and Giribet, G., 2019. Revisiting metazoan phylogeny with genomic sampling of all phyla. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 286, 20190831.


Deline, B., Greenwood, J. M., Clark, J. W., Puttick, M. N., Peterson, K. J. and Donoghue, P. C. J., 2018. Evolution of metazoan morphological disparity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U. S. A., 115, E8909–E8918.
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Hoyal Cuthill, J. and Han, J., 2018. Cambrian petalonamid Stromatoveris phylogenetically links Ediacaran Biota to later animals. Palaeontology, 61, 813-823.
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Duan, B., Dong, X.-P., Porras, L., Vargas, K., Cunningham, J. A. and Donoghue, P. C. J., 2017. The early Cambrian fossil embryo Pseudooides is a direct-developing cnidarian, not an early ecdysozoan. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 284, 20172188.

Moysiuk, J., Smith, M. R. and Caron, J.-B., 2017. Hyoliths are Palaeozoic lophophorates. Nature, 541, 394-397.


Budd, A. F., Fukami, H., Smith, N. D. and Knowlton, N., 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166, 465-529.


Brasier, M. D. and Antcliffe, J. B., 2009. Evolutionary relationships within the Avalonian Ediacara biota: new insights from laser analysis. Journal of the Geological Society, 166, 363-384.
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Leme, J. M., Simoes, M. G., Marques, A. C. and Iten, H., 2008. Cladistic analysis of the suborder conulariina Miller and Gurley, 1896 (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa; Vendian-Triassic). Palaeontology, 51, 649-662.

Rodriguez, E., Castorani, C. N. and Daly, M., 2008. Morphological phylogeny of the family Actinostolidae (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) with description of a new genus and species of hydrothermal vent sea anemone redefining the family Actinoscyphiidae. Invertebrate Systematics, 22, 439-452.


Aldridge, R. J., Hou, X.-G., Siveter, D. J., Siveter, D. J. and Gabbott, S. E., 2007. The systematics and phylogenetic relationships of vetulicolians. Palaeontology, 50, 131-168.


Peterson, K. J., McPeek, M. A. and Evans, D. A. D., 2005. Tempo and mode of early animal evolution: inferences from rocks, Hox, and molecular clocks. Paleobiology, 31, 36-55.


Marques, A. C. and Collins, A. G., 2004. Cladistic analysis of Medusozoa and cnidarian evolution. Invertebrate Biology, 123, 23-42.


Brusca, R. C. and Brusca, G. J., 2003. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, pp895.

Daly, M., Fautin, D. G. and Cappola, V. A., 2003. Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 139, 419-437.


Zrzavy, J., 2002. Gastrotricha and metazoan phylogeny. Zoologica Scripta, 32, 61-82.


Cairns, S. D., 2001. A generic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the Dendrophylliidae (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 615, 1-75.
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Nielsen, C., 2001. Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp578.

Peterson, K. J. and Eernisse, D. J., 2001. Animal phylogeny and the ancestry of bilaterians: inferences from morphology and 18S rDNA gene sequences. Evolution & Development, 3, 170-205.
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Won, J. H., Rho, B. J. and Song, J. L., 2001. A phylogenetic study of the Anthozoa (phylum Cnidaria) based on morphological and molecular characters. Coral Reefs, 20, 39-50.

Zrzavy, J., Hypsa, V. and Tietz, D., 2001. Myzostomida are not annelids: molecular and morphological support for a clade of animals with anterior sperm flagella. Cladistics, 17, 170-198.


Zrzavy, J., Mihulka, S., Kepka, P., Bezdek, A. and Tietz, D., 1998. Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence. Cladistics, 14, 249-285.


Oliver, W. A., 1997. Evolutionary relationships of the Zaphrentidae and Craspedophyllidae (rugose corals, Devonian) in eastern North America. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 321, 317-325.


Pandolfi, J. M., 1989. Phylogenetic analysis of the early tabulate corals. Palaeontology, 32, 745-764.

Last updated 6th April 2011.