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Matrices > Carnivores

In press

Berta, A., Kienle, S., Bianucci, G. and Sorbi, S., in press. A reevaluation of Pliophoca etrusca (Pinnipedia, Phocidae) from the Pliocene of Italy: phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, , .

Borths, M. R. and Syevens, N. J., in press. Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, gen. et sp. nov. (Hyainailourinae, Hyaenodonta, 'Creodonta,' Mammalia), a gigantic carnivore from the earliest Miocene of Kenya. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, , .

Boessenecker, R. W. and Chruchill, M., in press. The last of the desmatophocid seals: a new species of Allodesmus from the upper Miocene of Washington, USA, and a revision of the taxonomy of Desmatophocidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, , .

Forasiepi, A. M., Soibelzon, L. H., Gomez, C. S., Sanchez, R., Quiroz, L. I., Jaramillo, C. and Sanchez-Villagra, M. R., in press. Carnivorans at the Great American Biotic Interchange: new discoveries from the northern neotropics. Naturwissenschaften, , .

Jiangzuo, Q.-G., Wang, S.-Q., Li, C.-X., Sun, D.-H. and Zhang, X.-X., in press. New material of Gobicyon (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae, Haplocyoninae) from northern China and a review of Aktaucyonini evolution. Papers in Palaeontology, , .

Sole, F., in press. New proviverrine genus from the Early Eocene of Europe and the first phylogeny of Late Palaeocene-Middle Eocene hyaenodontidans (Mammalia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, , .

Sole, F. and Mennecart, B., in press. A large hyaenodont from the Lutetian of Switzerland expands the body mass range of the European mammalian predators during the Eocene. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, , .

Sole, F., Smith, T., Tabuce, R. and Marandat, B., in press. New dental elements of the oldest proviverrine mammal, Parvagula palulae, from the Early Eocene of southern France support possible African origin of the subfamily. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, , .

Velez-Juarbe, J., in press. New data on the early odobenid Neotherium mirum Kellogg, 1931, and other pinniped remains from the Sharktooth Hill Bonebed, California. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology,, , .

Wang, X.-M., White, S. C. and Guan, J., in press. A new genus and species of sabretooth, Oriensmilus liupanensis (Barbourofelinae, Nimravidae, Carnivora), from the middle Miocene of China suggests barbourofelines are nimravids, not felids. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, , .
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2020

Paterson, R. S., Rybczynski, N., Kohno, N. and Maddin, H. C., 2020. A total evidence phylogenetic analysis of pinniped phylogeny and the possibility of parallel evolution within a monophyletic framework. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 457.

2019

Arnaudo, M. E., Toledo, N., Soibelzon, L. and Bona, P., 2019. Phylogenetic signal analysis in the basicranium of Ursidae (Carnivora, Mammalia). PeerJ, 7, e6597.

Jiangzuo, Q.-G., Liu, J.-Y. and Chen, J., 2019. Morphological homology, evolution, and proposed nomenclature for bear dentition. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 64, 693-710.

2018

Adrian, B., Werdelin, L. and Grossman, A., 2018. New Miocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from Moruorot and Kalodirr, Kenya. Palaeontologia Electronica, 21.1.10A, 1-19.
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Dewaele, L., Lambert, O. and Louwye, S., 2018. A critical revision of the fossil record, stratigraphy and diversity of the Neogene seal genus Monotherium (Carnivora, Phocidae). Royal Society Open Science, 5, 171669.

Velez-Juarbe, J. and Salinas-Marquez, F. M., 2018. A dwarf walrus from the Miocene of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Royal Society Open Science, 5, 180423.
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Zrzavy, J., Duda, P., Robovsky, J., Okrinova, I. and Ricankova, V. P., 2018. Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora): combining morphology, behaviour, genes and fossils. Zoologica Scripta, 47, 373-389.

2017

Velez-Juarbe, J., 2017. Eotaria citrica, sp. nov., a new stem otariid from the "Topanga" formation of Southern California. PeerJ, 5, e3022.
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Wang, X.-M., Grohe, C., Su, D. F., White, S. C., Ji, X.-P., Kelley, J., Jablonski, N. G., Deng, T., You, Y.-S. and Yang, X., 2017. A new otter of giant size, Siamogale melilutra sp. nov. (Lutrinae: Mustelidae: Carnivora), from the latest Miocene Shuitangba site in northeastern Yunnan, south-western China, and a total-evidence phylogeny of lutrines. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 16, 39-65.
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2016

Barrett, P. Z., 2016. Taxonomic and systematic revisions to the North American Nimravidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). PeerJ, 4, e1658.
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Borths, M. R., Holroyd, P. A. and Seiffert, E. R., 2016. Hyainailourine and teratodontine cranial material from the late Eocene of Egypt and the application of parsimony and Bayesian methods to the phylogeny and biogeography of Hyaenodonta (Placentalia, Mammalia). PeerJ, 4, e2639.

Tomiya, S. and Tseng, Z. J., 2016. Whence the beardogs? Reappraisal of the Middle to Late Eocene 'Miacis' from Texas, USA, and the origin of Amphicyonidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). Royal Society Open Science, 3, 160518.

Valenciano, A., Baskin, J. A., Abella, J., Perez-Ramos, A., Alvarez-Sierra, M. A., Morales, J. and Hartstone-Rose, A., 2016. Megalictis, the bone-crushing giant mustelid (Carnivora, Mustelidae, Oligobuninae) from the Early Miocene of North America. PLOS ONE, 11, e0152430.
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2015

Boessenecker, R. W. and Churchill, M., 2015. The oldest known fur seal. Biology Letters, 11, 20140835.
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Rana, R. S., Kumar, K., Zack, S. P., Sole, F., Rose, K. D., Missiaen, P., Singh, L., Sahni, A. and Smith, T., 2015. Craniodental and postcranial morphology of Indohyaenodon raoi from the Early Eocene of India, and its implications for ecology, phylogeny, and biogeography of hyaenodontid mammals. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 35, e965308.

Tanaka, Y. and Kohno, N., 2015. A new Late Miocene odobenid (Mammalia: Carnivora) from Hokkaido, Japan suggests rapid diversification of basal Miocene odobenids. PLOS One, 10, e0131856.

Valenciano, A., Abella, J., Sanisidro, O., Hartstone-Rose, A., Angeles Alvarez-Sierra, M. and Morales, J., 2015. Complete description of the skull and mandible of the giant mustelid Eomellivora piveteaui Ozansoy, 1965 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae), from Batallones (MN10), late Miocene (Madrid, Spain). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 35, e934570.

Zack, S. P. and Rose, K. D., 2015. The postcranial skeleton of Galecyon: evidence for morphological and locomotor diversity in early Hyaenodontidae (Mammalia, Hyaenodontida). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 35, e1001492.

2014

Amson, E. and de Muizon, C., 2014. A new durophagous phocid (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the late Neogene of Peru and considerations on monachine seals phylogeny. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 12, 523-548.
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Churchill, M., Boessenecker, R. W. and Clementz, M. T., 2014. Colonization of the Southern Hemisphere by fur seals and sea lions (Carnivora: Otariidae) revealed by combined evidence phylogenetic and Bayesian biogeographical analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 172, 200-225.
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King, L. M. and Wallace, S. C., 2014. Phylogenetics of Panthera, including Panthera atrox, based on craniodental characters. Historical Biology, 26, 827-833.

Qiu, Z.-X., Deng, T. and Wang, B.-Y., 2014. A Late Miocene Ursavus skull from Guanghe, Gansu, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 52, 265-302.

Scheel, D.-M., Slater, G. J., Kolokotronis, S.-O., Potter, C. W., Rotstein, D. S., Tsangaras, K., Greenwood, A. D. and Helgen, K. M., 2014. Biogeography and taxonomy of extinct and endangered monk seals illuminated by ancient DNA and skull morphology. ZooKeys, 409, 1-33.

Sole, F., Smith, R., Coillot, T., de Bast, E. and Smith, T., 2014. Dental and tarsal anatomy of 'Miacis' latouri and a phylogenetic analysis of the earliest carnivoraforms (Mammalia, Carnivoramorpha). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34, 1-21.

Sole, F., Falconnet, J. and Yves, L., 2014. New proviverrines (Hyaenodontida) from the early Eocene of Europe; phylogeny and ecological evolution of the Proviverrinae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 171, 878-917.

2013

Boessenecker, R. W. and Churchill, M., 2013. A reevaluation of the morphology, paleoecology, and phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic walrus Pelagiarctos. PLoS One, 8, e54311.
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Christiansen, P., 2013. Phylogeny of the sabertoothed felids (Carnivora: Felidae: Machairodontinae). Cladistics, 29, 543-559.

Robles, J. M., Alba, D. M., Fortuny, J., De Esteban-Trivigno, S., Rotgers, C., Balaguer, J., Carmona, R., Galindo, J., Almecija, S., Berto, J. V. and Moya-Sola, S., 2013. New craniodental remains of the barbourofelid Albanosmilus jourdani (Filhol, 1883) from the Miocene of the Valles-Penedes Basin (NE Iberian Peninsula) and the phylogeny of the Barbourofelini. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 11, 993-1022.

Tseng, Z. J., Wang, X.-M., Slater, G. J., Takeuchi, G. T., Li, Q., Liu, J. and Xie, G.-P., 2013. Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281, 20132686.

Wallace, S. C. and Hulbert, R. C., 2013. A new machairodont from the Palmetto Fauna (Early Pliocene) of Florida, with comments on the origin of the Smilodontini (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae). PLOS One, 8, e56173.

Wolsan, M. and Sotnikova, M., 2013. Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of the Pliocene stem meline badger Ferinestrix (Carnivora: Mustelidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 167, 208-226.

2012

Abella, J., Alba, D. M., Robles, J. M., Valenciano, A., Rotgers, C., Carmona, R., Montoya, P. and Morales, J., 2012. Kretzoiarctos gen. nov., the oldest member of the giant Panda clade. PLoS One, 7, e48985.
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Ahrens, H. E., 2012. Craniodental characters and the relationships of Procyonidae (Mammalia: Carnivora). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164, 669-713.
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Sakamoto, M. and Ruta, M., 2012. Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS One, 7, e39752.

Salesa, M. J., Anton, M., Morales, J. and Peigne, S., 2012. Systematics and phylogeny of the small felines (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Late Miocene of Europe: a new species of Felinae from the Vallesian of Batallones (MN 10, Madrid, Spain). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 10, 87-102.

Spaulding, M. and Flynn, J. J., 2012. Phylogeny of the Carnivoramorpha: The impact of postcranial characters. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 10, 653-677.
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2011

Mazak, J. H., Christiansen, P. and Kitchener, A. C., 2011. Oldest known pantherine skull and evolution of the tiger. PLOS ONE, 6, e25483.
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Morales, J. and Pickford, M., 2011. A new paradoxurine carnivore from the Late Miocene Siwaliks of India and a review of the bunodont viverrids of Africa. Geobios, 44, 271-277.

Tomiya, S., 2011. A new basal caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the Middle Eocene of North America and remarks on the phylogeny of early carnivorans. PLOS ONE, 6, e24146.
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2010

Spaulding, M., Flynn, J. J. and Stucky, R. K., 2010. A new basal carnivoramorphan (Mammalia) from the 'Bridger B' (Black's Fork Member, Bridger Formation, Bridgerian Nalma, Middle Eocene) of Wyoming, USA. Palaeontology, 53, 815-832.

2009

Christiansen, P. and Mazak, J. H., 2009. A primitive Late Pliocene cheetah, and evolution of the cheetah lineage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106, 512-515.

Rybczynski, N., Dawson, M. R. and Tedford, R. H., 2009. A semi-aquatic Arctic mammalian carnivore from the Miocene epoch and origin of Pinnipedia. Nature, 458, 1021-1024.
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Spaulding, M. and Flynn, J. J., 2009. Anatomy of the postcranial skeleton of "Miacis&qupt; uintensis (Mammalia: Carnivoramorpha). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29, 1212-1223.

Tedford, R. H., Wang, X.-M. and Taylor, B. E., 2009. Phylogenetic systematics of the North American fossil Canidae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 325, 1-218.
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2008

Christiansen, P., 2008. Phylogeny of the great cats (Felidae: Pantherinae), and the influence of fossil taxa and missing characters. Cladistics, 24, 977-992.

Finarelli, J. A., 2008. A total evidence phylogeny of the Arctoidea (Carnivora: Mammalia): relationships among basal taxa. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 15, 231-259.
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Patou, M.-L., Debruyne, R., Jennings, A. P., Zubaid, A., Rovie-Ryan, J. J. and Veron, G., 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Asian palm civets (Hemigalinae & Paradoxurinae, Viverridae, Carnivora). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47, 883-892.

Peigne, S., Salesa, M. J., Anton, M. and Morales, J., 2008. A new amphicyonine (Carnoviora: Amphicyonidae) from the Upper Miocene of Batallones-1, Madrid, Spain. Palaeontology, 51, 943-965.

Wang, X.-M. and Carranza-Castaneda, O., 2008. Earliest hog-nosed skunk, Conepatus (Mephitidae, Carnivora), from the early Pliocene of Guanajuato, Mexico and origin of South American skunks. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 154, 386-407.
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2006

Arnason, U., Gullberg, A., Janke, A., Kullberg, M., Lehman, N., Petrov, E. A. and Vainola, R., 2006. Pinniped phylogeny and a new hypothesis for their origin and dispersal. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 41, 345-354.

Egi, N., Holroyd, P. A., Tsubamoto, T., Soe, A. N., Takai, M. and Ciochon, R. L., 2005. Proviverrine hyaenodontids (Creodonta: Mammalia) from the Eocene of Myanmar and a phylogenetic analysis of the proviverrines from the Para-Tethys area. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 3, 337-358.
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Gaubert, P. and Cordeiro-Estrela, P., 2006. Phylogenetic systematics and tempo of evolution of the Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) within feliformians: implications for faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 41, 266-278.

Koepfli, K.-P., Jenks, S. M., Eizirik, E., Zahirpour, T., Van Valkenburgh, B. and Wayne, R. K., 2006. Molecular systematics of the Hyaenidae: relationships of a relictual lineage resolved by a molecular supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38, 603-620.

Kohno, N., 2006. A new Miocene odobenid (Mammalia: Carnivora) from Hokkaido, Japan, and its implications for odobenid phylogeny. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26, 411-421.

Polly, P. D., Wesley-Hunt, G. D., Heinrich, R. E., Davis, G. and Houde, P., 2006. Earliest known carnivoran auditory bulla and support for a recent origin of crown-group Carnivora (Eutheria, Mammalia). Palaeontology, 49, 1019-1027.
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2005

Flynn, J. J., Finarelli, J. A., Zehr, S., Hsu, J. and Nedbal, M. A., 2005. Molecular phylogeny of the Carnivora (Mammalia): assessing the impact of increased sampling on resolving enigmatic relationships. Systematic Biology, 54, 317-337.

Gaubert, P., Wozencraft, W. C., Cordeiro-Estrela, P. and Veron, G., 2005. Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran? Systematic Biology, 54, 865-894.
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Wang, X.-M., Whistler, D. P. and Takeuchi, G. T., 2005. A new basal skunk Martinogale (Carnivora, Mephitinae) from Late Miocene Dove Spring Formation, California, and origin of New World mephitines. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25, 936-949.

Wang, X.-M., McKenna, M. C. and Dashzeveg, D., 2005. Amphicticeps and Amphicynodon (Arctoidea, Carnivora) from Hsanda Gol Formation, central Mongolia and phylogeny of basal arctoids with comments on zoogeography. American Museum Novitates, 3483, 1-57.
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Wesley-Hunt, G. D. and Flynn, J. J., 2005. Phylogeny of the Carnivora: basal relationships among the carnivoramorphans, and assessment of the position of 'Miacoidea' relative to Carnivora. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 3, 1-28.
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2004

Baskin, J. A., 2004. Bassariscus and Probassariscus (Mammalia, Carnivora, Procyonidae) from the early Barstovian (Middle Miocene). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24, 709-720.
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Gaubert, P., Fernandes, C. A., Bruford, M. W. and Veron, G., 2004. Genets (Carnivora, Viverridae) in Africa: an evolutionary synthesis based on cytochrome b sequences and morphological characters. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 81, 589-610.

Gaubert, P., Tranier, M., Delmas, A.-S., Colyn, M. and Veron, G., 2004. First molecular evidence for reassessing phylogenetic affinities between genets (Genetta) and the enigmatic genet-like taxa Osbornictis, Poiana and Prionodon (Carnivora, Viverridae). Zoologica Scripta, 33, 117-129.

Veron, G., Colyn, M., Dunham, A. E., Taylor, P. and Gaubert, P., 2004. Molecular systematics and origin of sociality in mongooses (Herpestidae, Carnivora). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 30, 582-598.

Wang, X.-M., Wideman, B. C., Nichols, R. and Hanneman, D. L., 2004. A new species of Aelurodon (Carnivora, Canidae) from the Barstovian of Montana. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24, 445-452.

Zrzavy, J. and Ricankova, V., 2004. Phylogeny of Recent Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora): relative reliability and utility of morphological and molecular datasets. Zoologica Scripta, 33, 311-333.

2003

Gaubert, P. and Veron, G., 2003. Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 270, 2523-2530.

Yoder, A. D., Burns, M. M., Zehr, S., Delefosse, T., Veron, G., Goodman, S. M. and Flynn, J. J., 2003. Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor. Nature, 421, 734-737.

2002

Demere, T. A. and Berta, A., 2002. The Miocene pinniped Desmatophoca oregonensis Condon, 1906 (Mammalia: Carnivora), from the Astoria Formation, Oregon. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 93, 113-147.

Gaubert, P., Veron, G. and Tranier, M., 2002. Genets and 'genet-like' taxa (Carnivora, Viverrinae): phylogenetic analysis, systematics and biogeographic implications. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 134, 317-334.

Koretsky, I. A. and Grigorescu, D., 2002. The fossil monk seal Pontophoca sarmatica (Alekseev) (Mammalia: Phocidae: Monachinae) from the Miocene of eastern Europe. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 93, 149-162.

Koretsky, I. A. and Holec, P., 2002. A primitive seal (Mammalia: Phocidae) from the early Middle Miocene of central Paratethys. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 93, 163-178.

Wynen, L. P., Goldsworthy, S. D., Insley, S. J., Adams, M., Bickham, J. W., Francis, J., Gallo, J. P., Hoelzel, A. R., Majluf, P., White, R. W. G. and Slade, R., 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the eared seals (Otariidae: Carnivora): implications for the historical biogeography of the family. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 21, 270-284.

1999

Wang, X.-M., Tedford, R. H. and Taylor, B. E., 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora, Canidae). Bulletin of the American Mueum of Natural History, 243, 1-390.
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1997

Geraads, D. and Gulec, E., 1997. Relationships of Barbourofelis piveteaui (Ozansoy, 1965), a Late Miocene nimravid (Carnivora, Mammalia) from central Turkey. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17, 370-375.
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Polly, P. D., 1997. Ancestry and species definition in paleontology: a stratocladistic analysis of Paleocene-Eocene Viverravidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Wyoming. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 30, 1-53.

1996

Polly, P. D., 1996. The skeleton of Gazinocyon vulpeculus gen. et comb. nov. and the cladistic relationships of Hyaenodontidae (Eutheria, Mammalia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 16, 303-319.
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1995

Tedford, R. H., Taylor, B. E. and Wang, X.-M., 1995. Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae): the living taxa. American Museum Novitates, 3146, 1-37.

1994

Berta, A., 1994. A new species of phocoid pinniped Pinnarctidion from the early Miocene of Oregon. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 14, 405-413.
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Berta, A. and Wyss, A. R., 1994. Pinniped phylogeny. Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 29, 33-56.

Demere, T. A., 1994. The family Odobenidae: a phylogenetic analysis of fossil and living taxa. Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 29, 99-123.

Kohno, N., 1994. A new Miocene pinniped in the genus Prototaria (Carnivora: Odobenidae) from the Moniwa Formation, Miyagi, Japan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 14, 414-426.

Tedford, R. H., Barnes, L. G. and Ray, C. E., 1994. The Early Miocene littoral ursoid carnivoran Kolponomos: systematics and mode of life. Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 29, 11-32.

Vrana, P. B., Milinkovitch, M. C., Powell, J. R. and Wheeler, W. C., 1994. Higher level relationships of the arctoid Carnivora based on sequence data and "Total Evidence". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 3, 47-58.

Wang, X.-M., 1994. Phylogenetic systematics of the Hesperocyoninae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Mueum of Natural History, 221, 1-207.
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1993

Wyss, A. R. and Flynn, J. J., 1993. A phylogenetic analysis and definition of the Carnivora. In Szalay, F. S., Novacek, M. J. and McKenna, M. C. (eds.) Mammal Phylogeny: Placentals. Springer-Verlag, New York, p32-52.

1991

Berta, A., 1991. New Enaliarctos (Pinnipedimorpha) from the Oligocene and Miocene of Oregon and the role of "enaliarctids" in pinniped phylogeny. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 69, 1-33.
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Werdelin, L. and Solounias, N., 1991. The Hyaenidae: taxonomy, systematics and evolution. Fossils and Strata, 30, 1-104.
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1990

Berta, A. and Ray, C. E., 1990. Skeletal morphology and locomotor capabilities of the archaic pinniped Enaliarctos mealsi. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10, 141-157.
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Van Valkenburgh, B., Grady, F. and Kurten, B., 1990. The Plio-Pleistocene cheetah-like cat Miracinonyx inexpectatus of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10, 434-454.

1988

Barry, J. C., 1988. Dissopsalis, a Middle and Late Miocene proviverrine creodont (Mammalia) from Pakistian and Kenya. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 8, 25-45.
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Last updated 6th April 2011.