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Matrices > Cenozoic birds

In press

Degrange, F. J., Tambussi, C. P., Taglioretti, M. L., Dondas, A. and Scaglia, F., in press. A new Mesembriornithinae (Aves, Phorusrhacidae) provides new insights into the phylogeny and sensory capabilities of terror birds. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, , .

Haddrath, O. and Baker, A. J., in press. Multiple nuclear genes and retroposons support vicariance and dispersal of the palaeognaths, and an Early Cretaceous origin of modern birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, , .

Smith, J. V., Braun, E. L. and Kimball, R. T., in press. Ratite non-monophyly: yndependent evidence from 40 novel loci. Systematic Biology, , .

2016

Mayr, G., 2016. Osteology and phylogenetic affinities of the middle Eocene North American Bathornis grallator - one of the best represented, albeit least known Paleogene cariamiform birds (seriemas and allies). Journal of Paleontology, 90, 357-374.

Nesbitt, S. J. and Clarke, J. A., 2016. The anatomy and taxonomy of the exquisitely preserved Green River Formation (Early Eocene) lithornithids (Aves) and the relationships of Lithornithidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 406, 1-91.

Worthy, T. H., Mitri, M., Handley, W. D., Lee, M. S. Y., Anderson, A. and Sand, C., 2016. Osteology supports a stem-galliform affinity for the giant extinct flightless bird Sylviornis neocaledoniae (Sylviornithidae, Galloanseres). PLOS ONE, 11, e0150871.

2015

Burleigh, J. G., Kimball, R. R. and Braun, E. L., 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 84, 53-63.

Mayr, G., 2015. The middle Eocene European "ratite" Palaeotis (Aves, Palaeognathae) restudied once more. Palaontologische Zeitschrift, 89, 503-514.
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Mayr, G. and Noriega, J. I., 2015. A well-preserved partial skeleton of the poorly known early Miocene seriema Noriegavis santacrucensis. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60, 589-598.
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Mayr, G., Goedert, J. L. and Vogel, O., 2015. Oligocene plotopterid skulls from western North America and their bearing on the phylogenetic affinities of these penguin-like seabirds. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 35, e943764.
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2014

Bertelli, S., Chiappe, L. M. and Mayr, G., 2014. Phylogenetic interrelationships of living and extinct Tinamidae, volant palaeognathous birds from the New World. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 172, 145-184.
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Mayr, G. and De Pietri, V. L., 2014. Earliest and first Northern Hemispheric hoatzin fossils substantiate Old World origin of a "Neotropic endemic". Naturwissenschaften, 101, 143-148.
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Mitchell, K. J., Llamas, B., Soubrier, J., Rawlence, N. J., Worthy, T. H., Wood, J., Lee, M. S. Y. and Cooper, A., 2014. Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution. Science, 344, 898-900.

Paterson, A. M., Wallis, G. P., Kennedy, M. and Gray, R. D., 2014. Behavioural evolution in penguins does not reflect phylogeny. Cladistics, 30, 243-259.

Smith, N. A., 2014. The fossil record and phylogeny of the auklets (Pan-Alcidae, Aethiini). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 12, 217-236.

Worthy, T. H., Hand, S. J. and Archer, M., 2014. Phylogenetic relationships of the Australian Oligo-Miocene ratite Emuarius gidju Casuariidae. Integrative Zoology, 9, 148-166.
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2013

Bertelli, S., Lindow, B. E. K., Dyke, G. J. and Mayr, G., 2013. Another charadriiform-like bird from the Lower Eocene of Denmark. Paleontological Journal, 47, 1282-1301.
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Kennedy, M., Taylor, S. A., Nadvornik, P. and Spencer, H. G., 2013. The phylogenetic relationships of the extant pelicans inferred from DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66, 215-222.

Ksepka, D. T., Clarke, J. A., Nesbitt, S. J., Kulp, F. B. and Grande, L., 2013. Fossil evidence of wing shape in a stem relative of swifts and hummingbirds (Aves, Pan-Apodiformes). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 280, 20130580.

Mayr, G., 2013. Late Oligocene mousebird converges on parrots in skull morphology. Ibis, 155, 384-396.
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Mayr, G., 2013. Parvigruidae (Aves, core Gruiformes) from the early Oligocene of Belgium. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 93, 77-89.
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McCormack, J. E., Harvey, M. G., Faircloth, B. C., Crawford, N. G., Glenn, T. C. and Brumfield, R. T., 2013. A phylogeny of birds based on over 1,500 loci collected by target enrichment and high-throughput sequencing. PLOS One, 8, e54848.

Smith, N. D., Grande, L. and Clarke, J. A., 2013. A new species of Threskiornithidae-like bird (Aves, Ciconiiformes) from the Green River Formation (Eocene) of Wyoming. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33, 363-381.
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2012

Ksepka, D. T. and Clarke, J. A., 2012. A new stem parrot from the Green River Formation and the complex evolution of the grasping foot in pan-Psittaciformes. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32, 395-406.
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Ksepka, D. T., Fordyce, R. E., Ando, T. and Jones, C. M., 2012. New fossil penguins (Aves, Sphenisciformes) from the Oligocene of New Zealand reveal the skeletal plan of stem penguins. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32, 235-254.

Manegold, A. and Louchart, A., 2012. Biogeographic and paleoenvironmental implications of a new woodpecker species (Aves, Picidae) from the early Pliocene of South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32, 926-938.
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Manegold, A. and Topfer, T., 2012. The systematic position of Hemicircus and the stepwise evolution of adaptations for drilling, tapping and climbing up in true woodpeckers (Picinae, Picidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 51, 72-82.
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Mauricio, G. N., Areta, J. I., Bornschein, M. R. and Reis, R. E., 2012. Morphology-based phylogenetic analysis and classification of the family Rhinocryptidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166, 377-432.
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Mayr, G. and Smith, T., 2012. Phylogenetic affinities and taxonomy of the Oligocene Diomedeoididae, and the basal divergences amongst extant procellariiform birds. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166, 854-875.
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Smith, N. A. and Clarke, J. A., 2012. Endocranial anatomy of the Charadriiformes: sensory system variation and the evolution of wing-propelled diving. PLoS One, 7, e49584.
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Wang, M., Mayr, G., Zhang, J.-Y. and Zhou, Z.-H., 2012. New bird remains from the Middle Eocene of Guangdong, China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 57, 519-526.
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Wang, M., Mayr, G., Zhang, J.-Y. and Zhou, Z.-H., 2012. Two new skeletons of the enigmatic, rail-like avian taxon Songzia Hou, 1990 (Songziidae) from the early Eocene of China. Alcheringa, 36, 487-499.
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Worthy, T. H. and Scofield, R. P., 2012. Twenty-first century advances in knowledge of the biology of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes): a new morphological analysis and moa diagnoses revised. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 39, 87-153.
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2011

Alvarenga, H., Chiappe, L. and Bertelli, S., 2011. Phorusrhacids: the terror birds. In Dyke, G. and Kaiser, G. (eds.) Living Dinosaurs: The Evolutionary History of Modern Birds. John Wiley & Sons, London, p187-208.
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Bertelli, S., Chiappe, L. M. and Mayr, G., 2011. A new Messel rail from the Early Eocene Fur Formation of Denmark (Aves, Messelornithidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9, 551-562.
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De Pietri, V. L., Costeur, L., Guntert, M. and Mayr, G., 2011. A revision of the Lari (Aves, Charadriiformes) from the early Miocene of Saint-Gerand-le-Puy (Allier, France). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 31, 812-828.
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Johnston, P., 2011. New morphological evidence supports congruent phylogenies and Gondwana vicariance for palaeognathous birds. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 163, 959-982.
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Ksepka, D. T. and Thomas, D. B., 2011. Multiple Cenozoic invasions of Africa by penguins (Aves, Sphenisciformes). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 279, 1027-1032.

Ksepka, D. T., Clarke, J. A. and Grande, L., 2011. Stem parrots (Aves, Halcyornithidae) from the Green River Formation and a combined phylogeny of pan-Psittaciformes. Journal of Paleontology, 85, 835-852.

Mayr, G., 2011. Cenozoic mystery birds - on the phylogenetic affinities of bony-toothed birds (Pelagornithidae). Zoologica Scripta, 40, 448-467.
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Mayr, G., 2011. The phylogeny of charadriiform birds (shorebirds and allies) - reassessing the conflict between morphology and molecules. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 916-934.
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Mayr, G., 2011. Well-preserved new skeleton of the Middle Eocene Messelastur substantiates sister group relationship between Messelasturidae and Halcyornithidae (Aves, ?Pan-Psittaciformes). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9, 159-171.
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Mayr, G., 2011. On the osteology and phylogenetic affinities of Morsoravis sedilis (Aves) from the early Eocene Fur Formation of Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 59, 23-35.
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Mayr, G., Alvarenga, H. and Mourer-Chauvire, C., 2011. Out of Africa: Fossils shed light on the origin of the hoatzin, an iconic Neotropic bird. Naturwissenschaften, 98, 961-966.
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Nesbitt, S. J., Ksepka, D. T. and Clarke, J. A., 2011. Podargiform affinities of the enigmatic Fluvioviridavis platyrhamphus and the early diversification of Strisores ("Caprimulgiformes" + Apodiformes). PLOS One, 6, e26350.
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Noriega, J. I., Areta, J. I., Vizcaino, S. F. and Bargo, M. S., 2011. Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Patagonian Miocene falcon Thegornis musculosus Ameghino, 1895 (Aves: Falconidae). Journal of Paleontology, 85, 1089-1104.
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Smith, N. A., 2011. Taxonomic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the flightless Mancallinae (Aves, Pan-Alcidae). ZooKeys, 91, 1-116.
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2010

Ksepka, D. T. and Clarke, J. A., 2010. New fossil mousebird (Aves: Coliiformes) with feather preservation provides insight into the ecological diversity of an Eocene North American avifauna. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 160, 685-706.
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Livezey, B. C., 2010. Phylogenetics of modern shorebirds (Charadriiformes) based on phenotypic evidence: analysis and discussion. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 160, 567-618.

Mayr, G., 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of the paraphyletic ?caprimulgiform? birds (nightjars and allies). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 48, 126-137.
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Mayr, G., Rana, R. S., Rose, K. D., Sahni, A., Kumar, K., Singh, L. and Smith, T., 2010. Quercypsitta-like birds from the Early Eocene of India (Aves, ?Psittaciformes). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30, 467-478.
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Nguyen, J. M. T., Boles, W. E. and Hand, S. J., 2010. New material of Barawertornis tedfordi, a dromornithid bird from the Oligo-Miocene of Australia, and its phylogenetic implications. Records of the Australian Museum, 62, 45-60.
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Rando, J. C., Alcover, J. A. and Illera, J. C., 2010. Disentangling ancient interactions: a new extinct passerine provides insights on character displacement among extinct and extant island finches. PLoS One, 5, e12956.

Smith, N. D., 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of Pelecaniformes (Aves) based on osteological data: implications for waterbird phylogeny and fossil calibration studies. PLoS One, 5, e13354.
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Worthy, T. H., Hand, S. J., Nguyen, J. M. T., Tennyson, A. J. D., Worthy, J. P., Scofield, R. P., Boles, W. E. and Archer, M., 2010. Biogeographical and phylogenetic implications of an Early Miocene wren (Aves: Passeriformes: Acanthisittidae) from New Zealand. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30, 479-498.
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2009

Bourdon, E., De Ricqles, A. and Cubo, J., 2009. A new Transantarctic relationship: morphological evidence for a Rheidae-Dromaiidae-Casuariidae clade (Aves, Palaeognathae, Ratitae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 641-663.
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Chu, P. C., Eisenschenk, S. K. and Zhu, S.-T., 2009. Skeletal morphology and the phylogeny of skuas (Aves: Charadriiformes, Stercorariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 157, 612-621.

Clarke, J. A., Ksepka, D. T., Smith, N. A. and Norell, M. A., 2009. Combined phylogenetic analysis of a new North American fossil species confirms widespread Eocene distribution for stem rollers (Aves, Coracii). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 157, 586-611.

Kennedy, M., Valle, C. A. and Spencer, H. G., 2009. The phylogenetic position of the Galapagos Cormorant. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53, 94-98.

Ksepka, D. T., 2009. Broken gears in the avian molecular clock: new phylogenetic analyses support stem galliform status for Gallinuloides wyomingensis and rallid affinities for Amitabha urbsinterdictensis. Cladistics, 25, 173-197.

Ksepka, D. T. and Clarke, J. A., 2009. Affinities of Palaeospiza bella and the phylogeny and biogeography of mousebirds (Coliiformes). The Auk, 126, 245-259.
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Worthy, T. H., 2009. Descriptions and phylogenetic relationships of two new genera and four new species of Oligo-Miocene waterfowl (Aves: Anatidae) from Australia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 411-454.
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2008

Mayr, G., 2008. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic avian taxon Zygodactylus based on new material from the early Oligocene of France. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 6, 333-344.
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Mayr, G., 2008. Phylogenetic affinities and morphology of the late Eocene anseriform bird Romainvillia stehlini Lebedinsky, 1927. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen, 248, 365-380.
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Mayr, G., 2008. Avian higher-level phylogeny: well-supported clades and what we can learn from a phylogenetic analysis of 2954 morphological characters. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 46, 63-72.
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Worthy, T. H. and Lee, M. S. Y., 2008. Affinities of Miocene waterfowl (Anatidae: Manuherikia, Dunstanetta and Miotadorna) from the St Bathans fauna, New Zealand. Palaeontology, 51, 677-708.

Zelenkov, N. V. and Dyke, G. J., 2008. The fossil record and evolution of mousebirds (Aves: Coliiformes). Palaeontology, 51, 1403-1418.
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2007

Acosta Hospitaleche, C., Tambussi, C., Donato, M. and Cozzuol, M., 2007. A new Miocene penguin from Patagonia and its phylogenetic relationships. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 52, 299-314.
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Agnolin, F. L., 2007. Brontornis burmeisteri Moreno & Mercerat, un Anseriformes (Aves) gigante el Mioceno Medio de Patagonia, Argentina. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales n. s., 9, 15-25.
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Clarke, J. A., Ksepka, D. T., Stucchi, M., Urbina, M., Giannini, N., Bertelli, S., Narvaez, Y. and Boyd, C. A., 2007. Paleogene equatorial penguins challenge the proposed relationship between biogeography, diversity, and Cenozoic climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 104, 11545-11550.
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Frank-Hoeflich, K., Silveira, L. F., Estudillo-Lopez, J., Garcia-Koch, A. M., Ongay-Larios, L. and Pinero, D., 2007. Increased taxon and character sampling reveals novel intergeneric relationships in the Cracidae (Aves: Galliformes). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 45, 242-254.
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2006

Bertelli, S., Giannini, N. P. and Ksepka, D. T., 2006. Redescription and phylogenetic position of the Early Miocene penguin Paraptenodytes antarcticus from Patagonia. American museum Novitates, 3525, 1-36.
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Grellet-Tinner, G., 2006. Phylogenetic interpretation of eggs and eggshells: implications for phylogeny of Palaeognathae. Alcheringa, 30, 141-182.
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Ksepka, D. T., Bertelli, S. and Giannini, N. P., 2006. The phylogeny of the living and fossil Sphenisciformes (penguins). Cladistics, 22, 412-441.
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Mayr, G., 2006. New specimens of the Eocene Messelirrisoridae (Ayes: Bucerotes), with comments on the preservation of uropygial gland waxes in fossil birds from Messel and the phylogenetic affinities of Bucerotes. Palaontologische Zeitschrift, 80, 390-405.
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Slack, K. E., Jones, C. M., Ando, T., Harrison, G. L., Fordyce, R. E., Arnason, U. and Penny, D., 2006. Early penguin fossils, plus mitochondrial genomes, calibrate avian evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 23, 1144-1155.
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2005

Bertelli, S. and Chiappe, L. M., 2005. Earliest tinamous (Aves: Palaeognathae) from the Miocene of Argentina and their phylogenetic position. Contributions in Science, 502, 1-20.
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Bertelli, S. and Giannini, N. P., 2005. A phylogeny of extant penguins (Aves: Sphenisciformes) combining morphology and mitochondrial sequences. Cladistics, 21, 209-239.

Claramunt, S. and Rinderknecht, A., 2005. A new fossil furnariid from the Pleistocene of Uruguay, with remarks on nasal type, cranial kinetics, and relationships of the extinct genus Pseudoseisuropsis. The Condor, 107, 114-127.

Clarke, J. A., Norell, M. A. and Dashzeveg, D., 2005. New avian remains from the Eocene of Mongolia and the phylogenetic position of the Eogruidae (Aves, Gruoidea). American Museum Novitates, 3494, 1-17.
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Giannini, N. P. and Bertelli, S., 2005. Phylogeny of extant penguins based on integumentary and breeding characters. The Auk, 121, 422-434.
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Mayr, G., 2005. The postcranial osteology and phylogenetic position of the Middle Eocene Messelastur gratulator Peters, 1994 - a morphological link between owls (Strigiformes) and falconiform birds? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25, 635-645.

Mayr, G., 2005. The Palaeogene Old World potoo Paraprefica Mayr, 1999 (Aves, Nyctibiidae): its osteology and affinites to the New World Preficinae Olson, 1987. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 3, 359-370.
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Mayr, G., 2005. A new cypselomorph bird from the Middle Eocene of Germany and the early diversification of avian aerial insectivores. The Condor, 107, 342-352.
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Mayr, G., 2005. A Fluvioviridavis-like bird from the Middle Eocene of Messel, Germany. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42, 2021-2037.
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Weckstein, J. D., 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of the Rhamphastos toucans: implications for the evolution of morphology, vocalizations, and coloration. The Auk, 122, 1191-1209.
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2004

James, H. F., 2004. The osteology and phylogeny of the Hawaiian finch radiation (Fringillidae: Drepanidini), including extinct taxa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 141, 207-255.
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Mayr, G., 2004. Morphological evidence for sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140, 157-169.
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Mayr, G., 2004. Tertiary plotopterids (Aves, Plotopteridae) and a novel hypothesis on the phylogenetic relationships of penguins (Spheniscidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 43, 61-71.
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Mayr, G., 2004. The phylogenetic relationships of the early Tertiary Primoscenidae and Sylphornithidae and the sister taxon of crown group piciform birds. Journal of Ornithology, 145, 188-198.
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Mayr, G. and Mourer-Chauvire, C., 2004. Unusual tarsometatarsus of a mousebird from the Paleogene of France and the relationships of Selmes Peters, 1999. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24, 366-372.
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Mayr, G., Mourer-Chauvire, C. and Weidig, I., 2004. Osteology and systematic position of the Eocene Primobucconidae (Aves, Coraciiformes sensu stricto), with first records from Europe. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2, 1-12.
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Murray, P. F. and Vickers-Rich, P., 2004. Magnificent Mihirungs: The Colossal Flightless Birds of the Australian Dreamtime. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp410.
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2003

Dyke, G. J., Gulas, B. E. and Crowe, T. M., 2003. Suprageneric relationships of galliform birds (Aves, Galliformes): a cladistic analysis of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 137, 227-244.
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Gulas-Wroblewski, B. E. and Wroblewski, A. F.-J., 2003. A crown-group galliform bird from the Middle Eocene Bridger Formation of Wyoming. Palaeontology, 46, 1269-1280.
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Mayr, G., 2003. Phylogeny of Early Tertiary swifts and hummingbirds (Aves: Apodiformes). The Auk, 120, 145-151.
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Mayr, G., 2003. The phylogenetic affinities of the shoebill (Balaeniceps rex). Journal of Ornithology, 144, 157-175.
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Mayr, G., 2003. On the phylogenetic relationships of trogons (Aves, Trogonidae). Journal of Avian Biology, 34, 81-88.
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Mayr, G., Manegold, A. and Johansson, U. S., 2003. Monophyletic groups within 'higher land birds' - comparison of morphological and molecular data. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 41, 233-248.
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Zelenitsky, D. K. and Modesto, S. P., 2003. New information on the eggshell of ratites (Aves) and its phylogenetic implications. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81, 962-970.

2002

Bertelli, S., Giannini, N. P. and Goloboff, P. A., 2002. A phylogeny of the Tinamous (Aves: Palaeognathiformes) based on integumentary characters. Systematic Biology, 51, 959-979.

Birdsley, J. S., 2002. Phylogeny of the tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) based on morphology and behavior. The Auk, 119, 715-734.

Chu, P. C., 2002. A morphological test of the monophyly of the cardueline finches (Aves: Fringillidae, Carduelinae). Cladistics, 18, 279-312.

Dyke, G. J. and Gulas, B. E., 2002. The fossil galliform bird Paraortygoides from the Lower Eocene of the United Kingdom. American Museum Novitates, 3360, 1-14.

Goodman, S. M. and Weigt, L. A., 2002. The generic and species relationships of the reputed endemic Malagasy genus Pseudocossyphus (family Turdidae). Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 73, 26-35.

Mayr, G., 2002. Osteological evidence for paraphyly of the avian order Caprimulgiformes (nightjars and allies). Journal of Ornithology, 143, 82-97.

2001

Dyke, G. J., 2001. The fossil waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes) from the Eocene of England. American Museum Novitates, 3354, 1-15.

Dyke, G. J., 2001. A primitive swift from the London Clay and the relationships of fossil apodiform birds. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 21, 195-200.

Nicholls, J. A., 2001. Molecular systematics of the thornbills, Acanthiza. Emu, 101, 33-37.

Randi, E., Lucchini, V., Hennache, A., Kimball, R. T., Braun, E. L. and Ligon, J. D., 2001. Evolution of the mitochondrial DNA control region and Cytochrome b genes and the inference of phylogenetic relationships in the avian genus Lophura (Galliformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 19, 187-201.

2000

Cracraft, J. and Feinstein, J., 2000. What is not a bird of paradise? Molecular and morphological evidence places Macgregoria in the Meliphagidae and the Cnemophilinae near the base of the corvoid tree. Proceedings: Biological Sciences, 267, 233-241.

Dove, C. J., 2000. A descriptive and phylogenetic analysis of plumulaceous feather characters in Charadriiformes. Ornithological Monographs, 51, 1-163.

Dyke, G. J. and Cooper, J. H., 2000. A new psittaciform bird from the London Clay (Lower Eocene) of England. Palaeontology, 43, 271-285.

Hughes, J. M., 2000. Monophyly and phylogeny of cuckoos (Aves, Cuculidae) inferred from osteological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 130, 263-307.

Janoo, A., 2000. Rooting the Dodo Raphus cucullatus Linnaeus 1758 and the Solitaire Pezophaps solitaria Gmelin 1789 within the Ornithurae: a cladistic reappraisal. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 71, 323-329.
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Kennedy, M., Gray, R. D. and Spencer, H. G., 2000. The phylogenetic relationships of the shags and cormorants: can sequence data resolve a disagreement between behavior and morphology? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 17, 345-359.

1999

Andersson, M., 1999. Phylogeny, behaviour, plumage evolution and neoteny in skuas Stercorariidae. Journal of Avian Biology, 30, 205-215.

Griffiths, C. S., 1999. Phylogeny of the Falconidae inferred from molecular and morphological data. The Auk, 116, 116-130.

Veron, G., 1999. Phylogenie des touracos (Aves, Musophagidae). Analyse des caracteres morphologiques. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 37, 39-47.

Zink, R. M., Dittmann, D. L., Klicka, J. and Blackwell-Rago, R. C., 1999. Evolutionary patterns of morphometrics, allozymes, and mitochondrial DNA in thrashers (genus Toxostoma). The Auk, 116, 1021-1038.

Zykowski, K. and Prum, R. O., 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of the nest architecture of neotropical ovenbirds (Furnariidae). The Auk, 116, 891-911.

1998

Burns, K. J., 1998. Molecular phylogenetics of the genus Piranga: implications for biogeography and the evolution of morphology and behavior. The Auk, 115, 621-634.

Chu, P. C., 1998. A phylogeny of the gulls (Aves: Larinae) inferred from osteological and integumentary characters. Cladistics, 14, 1-43.

Livezey, B. C., 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 353, 2077-2151.
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Zink, R. M. and Blackwell, R. C., 1998. Molecular systematics of the scaled quail complex (genus Callipepla). The Auk, 115, 394-403.

1997

Ericson, P. G. P., 1997. Systematic relationships of the Palaeogene family Presbyornithidae (Aves: Anseriformes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 121, 429-483.

Trewick, S. A., 1997. Flightlessness and phylogeny amongst endemic rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the New Zealand region. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 352, 429-446.

1996

Kennedy, M., Spencer, H. G. and Gray, R. D., 1996. Hop, step and gape: do the social displays of the Pelecaniformes reflect phylogeny? Animal Behavior, 51, 273-291.

Livezey, B. C., 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of geese and swans (Anseriformes: Anserinae), including selected fossil species. Systematic Biology, 45, 415-450.
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Nunn, G. B. and Cracraft, J., 1996. Phylogenetic relationships among the major lineages of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) using mitochondrial DNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 5, 445-459.

Randi, E., 1996. A mitochondrial Cytochrome B phylogeny of the Alectoris partridges. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 6, 214-227.

Stern, D. L. and Grant, P. R., 1996. A phylogenetic reanalysis of allozyme variation among populations of Galapagos finches. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 118, 119-134.

1995

Paterson, A. M., Wallis, G. P. and Gray, R. D., 1995. Penguins, petrels, and parsimony: does cladistic analysis of behavior reflect seabird phylogeny? Evolution, 49, 974-989.

1994

Griffiths, C. S., 1994. Syringeal morphology and the phylogeny of the Falconidae. The Condor, 96, 127-140.

Griffiths, C. S., 1994. Monophyly of the Falconiformes based on syringeal morphology. The Auk, 111, 787-805.

Raikow, R. J.., 1994. A phylogeny of the woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae). The Auk, 111, 104-114.

1993

Prum, R. O., 1993. Phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) and asities (Philepittidae) based on morphology. The Auk, 110, 304-324.

Zink, R. M. and Dittmann, D. L., 1993. Population structure and gene flow in the chipping sparrow and a hypothesis for evolution in the genus Spizella. Wilson Bulletin, 105, 399-413.

1992

Andors, A., 1992. Reappraisal of the Eocene groundbird Diatryma (Aves: Anserimorphae). In Campbell, K. E. (ed.) Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, p109-125.

Crowe, T. M., Harley, E. H., Jakutowicz, M. B., Komen, J. and Crowe, A. A., 1992. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and biogeographical implications of genetic, morphological, and behavioral variation in francolins (Phasianidae: Francolinus). The Auk, 109, 24-42.

Prum, R. O., 1992. Syringeal morphology, phylogeny, and evolution of the neotropical manakins (Aves: Pipridae). American Museum Novitates, 3043, 1-65.

1991

Bjorklund, M., 1991. Evolution, phylogeny, sexual dimorphism and mating system in the grackles (Quiscalus spp.: Icterinae). Evolution, 45, 608-621.

Livezey, B. C., 1991. A phylogenetic analysis and classification of recent dabbling ducks (tribe Anatini) based on comparative morphology. The Auk, 108, 471-507.

McKitrick, M. C., 1991. Phylogenetic analysis of avian hindlimb musculature. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, 179, 1-85.

McKitrick, M. C., 1991. Forelimb myology of loons (Gaviiformes), with comments on the relationship of loons and tubenoses (Procellariiformes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 102, 115-152.

Zink, R. M. and Dittmann, D. L., 1991. Evolution of brown towhees: mitochondrial DNA evidence. The Condor, 93, 98-105.

Zink, R. M., Dittmann, D. L. and Rootes, W. L., 1991. Mitochondrial DNA variation and the phylogeny of Zonotrichia. The Auk, 108, 578-584.

1990

Prum, R. O., 1990. A test of the monophyly of the manakins (Pipridae) and of the cotingas (Cotingidae) based on morphology. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, The University of Michigan, 723, 1-44.

1989

Cracraft, J. and Mindell, D. P., 1989. The early history of modern birds: a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. In B. Fernholm, K. Bremer, L. Brundin, H. Jornvall, L. Rutberg and H.-E. Wanntorp (eds.) The Hierarchy of Life: Molecules and Morphology in Phylogenetic Analysis. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, p389-403.

Livezey, B. C., 1989. Phylogenetic relationships of several subfossil Anseriformes of New Zealand. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, 128, 1-25.

1988

Christidis, L., Schodde, R. and Baverstock, P. R., 1988. Genetic and morphological differentiation and phylogeny in the Australo-Papuan scrubwrens (Sericornis, Acanthizidae). The Auk, 105, 616-629.

Cracraft, J. and Prum, R. O., 1988. Patterns and processes of diversification: speciation and historical congruence in some neotropical birds. Evolution, 42, 603-620.

Emslie, S. D., 1988. The fossil history and phylogenetic relationships of condors (Ciconiiformes: Vulturidae) in the New World. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 8, 212-228.

Livezey, B. C. and Martin, M. D., 1988. The systematic position of the Miocene anatid Anas[?] blanchardi Milne-Edwards. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 8, 196-211.

Prum, R. O., 1988. Phylogenetic interrelationships of the barbets (Aves: Capitonidae) and toucans (Aves: Ramphastidae) based on morphology with comparisons to DNA-DNA hybridization. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92, 313-343.

Siegel-Causey, D., 1988. Phylogeny of the Phalacrocoracidae. The Condor, 90, 885-905.

1987

Raikow, R. J., 1987. Hindlimb myology and evolution of the Old World suboscine passerine birds (Acanthisittidae, Pittidae, Philepittidae, Eurylaimidae). Ornithological Monographs, 41, 1-81.

1986

Cracraft, J., 1986. The origin and early diversification of birds. Paleobiology, 12, 383-399.

Cracraft, J., 1986. Origin and evolution of continental biotas: speciation and historical congruence within the Australian avifauna. Evolution, 40, 977-996.

1985

Cracraft, J., 1985. Monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of the Pelecaniformes: a numerical cladistic analysis. The Auk, 102, 834-853.

 
Last updated 6th April 2011.